EARTHBIOTICS effect in foliar dressing.
Foliar dressing is a unique opportunity to influence growth and development of plants during the whole vegetation period, it creates favorable conditions for formation of every yield structure element. Main reasons for foliar dressings use are:
The substances after being absorbed via leaves follow the same path of metamorphoses as if they were absorbed via roots, but 8-10 time faster.
Increased coefficient of basic fertilizers application.
When nutrients get to intercellular space of leaves, it creates a misbalance of elements concentrations. With foliar dressings, a plant compensates the problem occurred by activating absorption of nutrients from soil, what makes the application of the latter by 30% more effective.
Fertilizer elements delivery with a weakened root system.
When a root system is poorly developed, sick or root fibrillas are dying due to drought, leaf-feeding is the only way to provide plants with nutrients.
Decrease in pesticide-caused stress.
While planning chemical treatments for weeds elimination, the highest results are reached by combining application of herbicides and growth stimulators.
Application of EARTHBIOTICS allows restoring a normal physiological state of crops and to eliminate consequences of stress caused by herbicides with minimal loss. Pesticides are toxic substances, so they harm not only pests but also the cultivated crop itself, which causes slowing down of all physiological and biochemical processes inside the plant and accumulation of decay products.
Boosting plant immunity to diseases.
Macro- and microelements participate in synthesis of cells wall building materials (cellulose, lignin, pectin) and boost water-retention ability of tissues. Robust cells wall and high turgor are a barrier on the way of fungous and bacterial microflora. With a timely provision of the whole complex of macro– and microelements, plants launch active and passive forms of immunity faster.
Increase in drought and frost resistance, resistance to salinization.
Reproductive development optimization.
The major role in this process belongs to B and Zn, macro- and microelements accelerate pollen germination, boost its vital activities, influence buds development
and seeds ripening processes.
Control of sugars translocation from leaves to storage organs.
Decrease in loss during transportation and storage.
Recommended scheme of leaf-treatment (grain crops, for instance):
1sttreatment (phase of tillering – beginning of stem elongation):
EARTHBIOTICS 0.4-0.5 l + herbicide + water-soluble mineral fertilizers (UAN, liquid complex fertilizer, etc.) (or without them) shall be dissolved in 150-200l of water per
In Russia, the following scheme of grain crops treatment is gaining popularity:
1st leaves treatment (phase of tillering – beginning of stem elongation):
Herbicide + 0.4-0.5l/ha of EARTHBIOTICS + 5-7 kg of carbamide shall be dissolved in
150-200 l of water per 1 ha.
Why was carbamide chosen as a nitrogen additive?
It is well known that nitrogen can be in 3 forms: amidic (carbamide), ammoniac and nitrate. The most mobile and available for root systems is nitrate form. Nitrates can be available to plants for a very short period of time, usually such period lastsapproximately 10-15 days, after that they get washed down to the lowest soil horizons.
Ammoniac form also accesses plants through their roots, but only after being decomposed by microorganisms to nitrate form. Amidic solution (carbamide) is well digestible through a leaf apparatus. In order to get absorbed by roots, it has to go through a long chain of subsequent transformations that take time and require certain conditions.
2ndtreatment upon vegetation, for instance, for grain crops (stem elongation phase – milky-wax ripeness).0.4–0.5 l/ha EARTHBIOTICS + fungicide + insecticide (if necessary) + 5-7 kg of carbamide per 1 ha (necessary amount of carbamide shall be dumped on sprinkler tank net and then water shall be poured through it) then water shall be added to the solution giving a total volume of 150-200 l per 1ha. Nevertheless, while preparing the solution, first, water shall be added in the sprinkler tank (1/3 of the volume), then the nece1s2sary amount of carbamide, then herbicide,
fungicide or insecticide, depending on the purpose of the treatment, after that, a missing quantity of water shall be added, and the solution shall be thoroughly mixed with a stirrer of the sprinkler. Why is it important to follow this procedure precisely? – The thing is that carbemide (nitrogen) is heavier than water, and if we put the fertilizer in the sprinkler tank first, it will end up on the bottom of the tank and in pipes, which will result in that at the first 500 m of work in the field the whole carbamide dose will be out.
It is known that foliar dressing with mineral fertilizers is the most efficient agricultural practice used for increase in grains quality.
3d late foliage application promotes improved quality of grains, and in this case
nitrogen plays a key part.
However, its deposits in the soil run very low by the time of grain formation of autumn-sown wheat. Nitrogenous nutrition of plants can be significantly improved only with the help of late nitrogen dressing of autumn-sown wheat crops during the period of dough stage and “lemon leaf” stage.
Agrochemistry theoretically justified and developed a special practice for grain quality improvement – foliage dressing, the efficacy of which depends on many factors: plant development phase, forms and dosage of nitrogenous fertilizers, concentration of the solution, weather conditions, biological peculiarities of species, etc.
following scheme: 0.5l/ha of Earthbiotics+ 5-7 kg of carbamide + 150-200 l of water per 1 ha. The treatment shall be carried out in the morning (when there is no dew) or in the evening, during cloudy weather or night.
If the dressing with carbamide solution and EARTHBIOTICS was carried out properly, the contents of protein in grain increased by 1/2-4.2, and of raw fibrin – by 3-7%. It allows selling the grain for a higher price, which not only pays for all additional expenses, but also provides farms with significant profit.