The effect of Earthbiotics on crops residue decomposition and its influence on soil fertility recovery.
As the ancient saying goes – a fool grows weeds, a smart man grows harvest, and a wise man – soil. This saying is still of current concern!
Soil degradation, the decrease of its fertility and loss of soil resources are a global economical and environmental issue of modern times. It stands to reason, that it is unreasonable overdosage of mineral fertilizers and chemicals that is playing a significant role in the deterioration in the soil condition; such overdosage boosts biological erosion of soil, which leads to its dehumification, decrease in its fertility. But due to the effect of excessive doses of mineral fertilizers and pesticides, the microorganisms get weaker and end up dying. It also causes diseases. And diseases require application of chemicals. It creates a vicious circle…
Soil fertility recovery becomes a priority for agricultural workers. By following recommendations of well-known soil scientists and microbiologists, it is feasible to replenish reserves of organic substances, to maintain active background of beneficial microflora, just like nature, one scientifically proved and productively recognized agricultural practice stands apart: application of natural humic fertilizer Earthbiotics on crops residue and their burying into the soil.
EARTHBIOTICS contains up to 15 types of prevalent beneficial bacteria.
In interim conclusions, it is noteworthy that application of EARTHBIOTICS on crops residue and soil (recommended dosage is 1.0-2.0 liters per 1 hectare) results in:
- a) increased biological activity of soil:
accumulation of organic matter, main source of energy for every soil-forming process; optimization of species composition of soil microflora – soil cured of pathogens; activation of plant residues mineralization and humification processes;
accelerated pesticide residue decomposition processes in soil. b)increased fertilizer elements accessibility from soil: stimulation of fast root system development;
active protection of root system from fungous and bacterial rots during the whole
vegetation period of crops;
colonization of plants’ rhizosphere with microorganisms capable of effective nitrogen fixation, phosphorus and potassium mobilization.
What else soil treatment with fertilizer EARTHBIOTICS provides:
increased water-retention capacity of soil, 20-30% on average. Humic acid molecules coat and stick one to another soil mineral particles, what aids in generation of valuable lumpy-grain structure, which increases soil water-retention ability.
drought- and frost-resistance of plants increases owing to boosted immune system and development of stronger root system, which intensifies water and oxygen absorption by the plant, as well as improves soil nutrition. These properties of EARTHBIOTICS are confirmed by research of the Islamic Azad University in
(Iran) conducted in 2008-2010 on 12 genotypes of wheat in conditions of drought.
Research has shown that wheat’s resistance to drought increased on average by 20%,
yield – up to 25% or by 7-16 dt/ha;
ecological aspect improves – protective features of EARTHBIOTICS allow to bound pesticides, heavy metals, radionuclide and other toxicant residues in soil, forming the insoluble complexes, unavailable for plants, subsoil waters and atmosphere, hence they do not contain in agricultural products what increases their ecological friendliness.
soil fertility recovers due to application and accumulation of humic substances. The content of humic substances in EARTHBIOTICS is twice higher than in manure, while biological activity is 3-4 times higher. It`s important that EARTHBIOTICS overcome some shortcomings of manure because it contains no weed seeds, helminth eggs, pathogenic microflora, and it is more producible. According to the data of the Lomonosov MSU Faculty of Soil Science, the treatment of soil and seeds before sowing with 1l humic fertilizer EARTHBIOTICS is equivalent to the treatment of 9-10 tons of manure per 1 hectare, which gives a yield
increase of 31.5%.
The MSU scientists have also proved the complex positive effect of EARTHBIOTICS on both the physical and agronomic properties of soil and its structure. The application of EARTHBIOTICS resulted in:
- increase in the total porosity of the soil by 14.5% and inter-aggregate porosity of the soil – by 24;
- reduction in soil bulk density by 12.5%;
- acceleration of the speed of soil moisture – filtration coefficient increased by 23%;
- increase in the amount of water-resistant and agronomical valuable aggregates in soil by 4%;
- acceleration and intensification of formation processes of the so-called
“younger humus” (humic substances and non-specific organic compounds).
Current agricultural practices include various schemes of soil treatment with EARTHBIOTICS, both with mineral fertilizers economy and without it. One thing is sure – a regular annual treatment of acreage with the EARTHBIOTICS fertilizer (with crops residue treatment or without it) means a significant increase in soil water-retention ability, restoration of both fertility and environmental parameters of agrocenosis.